Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Vitamins: Sources, Benefits and Deficiency Diseases

A vitamin is an organic compound and a vital nutrient that an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism. 

Vitamins are essential ingredients for normal growth and development of an organism. Vitamins must be consumed periodically and in limited amount to avoid deficiency.

Vitamins are classified as either water-soluble or fat-soluble.

(i) Fat-soluble Vitamins: Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble.
(ii) Water-soluble Vitamins: Vitamins C and all the B vitamins are water-soluble.

Here is a table that depicts the type of vitamins, sources, and diseases due to vitamin deficiency. 

Name of Vitamins
Diseases caused by their deficiency
Vitamin A/ Retinol
Fish in general, liver and dairy products; orange, ripe yellow fruits, leafy vegetables, carrots, pumpkin, squash, spinach.
Skin Abnormalities, Night Blindness
Vitamin D/ Calciferol
Lichen, eggs, liver, certain fish species such as sardines, certain mushroom species such as shiitake.
Rickets in Children and osteomalacia in adults.
Vitamin E /Tocopherol
Many fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, and seed oils.
Deficiency is very rare; mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants.
Vitamin K/ Phylloquinone
Leafy green vegetables such as spinach; egg yolks; liver
Impaired Blood Clotting that can cause easy bruising and bleeding diathesis.
Vitamin C/ Ascorbic Acid
Almost every fruits and vegetables contains some amount of Vitamin C.But Generally Green peppers, White Potatoes, Citrus fruits and vegetables, Strawberries, Tomatoes, Broccoli and Turnip Greens.
Scurvy, Anemia, Decreased ability to fight infections and Slow Metabolism that results in weight loss and Dryness.
Vitamin B1/ Thiamine
Pork, oatmeal, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes, liver, eggs
Beriberi, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Vitamin B2/ Riboflavin
Dairy products, bananas, green beans, asparagus
Fissures in the corner of Mouth, Tongue inflammation.
Vitamin B3/ Niacin
Meat, fish, eggs, many vegetables, mushrooms, tree nuts
Diarrhea, Skin Disease and Dementia.
Vitamin B5/ Pantothenic Acid
Meat, broccoli, avocados
Vitamin B6/ Pyridoxine
Meat, vegetables, tree nuts, bananas
Anemia, Peripheral neuropathy
Vitamin B7/ Biotin
Raw egg yolk, liver, peanuts, leafy green vegetables
Dermatitis, enteritis
Vitamin B9/ Folic Acid
Leafy vegetables, pasta, bread, cereal, liver
Megaloblastic anemia and deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects.
Vitamin B12/ Cynacobalamin
Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk
Pernicious anemia

Monday, October 28, 2019

Assamese Literature MCQ: 30+ GK Questions on Assamese Literature

Here is a set of Assamese Literature MCQ (multiple choice question). There are four options for each question, bold one is the correct option. This post is going to be very useful for various competitive examinations e.g., APSC, Assam Police, TET, DHS, PNRD etc.   

1. The first dictionary in Assamese was compiled by
a) Nathan Brown
b) Hem Chandra Baruah
c) Miles Bronson
d) Ananda Ram Dhekial Phukan

2. Namghosa was written by

a) Sankardev
b) Madhabdev
c) Ram Saraswati
d) Madhava Kandali

3. "Kathoni barir Ghat", a  collection of short stories was written by

a) Saurabh Kumar Chaliha
b) Mohim Bora
c) Mamoni Roisom Goswami
d) Hiren Bhattacharya

4. What was the first Assamese children magazine?
a) Lora Bandhu

b) Maramor Deuta
c) Bhaiti
d) Xophura

5. Who was the first editor of the Assamese magazine, Jonaki?

a) Lakshminath Bezbaruah
b) Anandaram Dhekial Phukan
c) Anandachandra Agarwala
d) Chandrakumar Agarwala

6. Who is the founder of the South-East Asia Ramayana Research Centre?
a) Late Dr Bhupen Hazanka
b) Late Dr. Mamoni Raisom Goswami
c) Dr Dhrubajyoti Bora
d) Dr. Malini

7. Who was known as 'Bihogi Kobi'?
a) Syed Abdul Malik
b) Raghunath Chaudhary
c) Nilomoni Phukan
d) Nalinibala Devi

8. The Asam Sahitya Sabha was founded in the year
a) 1902
b) 1917
c) 1921
d) 1912 

9. 'Assamese, Its Formation and Development', a doctoral dissertation on Assamese language of
a) Dr. Birinchi Kr. Barua
b) Dr. Surya Kr. Bhuyan
c) Dr. Banikanta Kakoti
d) Satyanath Bora

10. The poetry anthology 'Alakananda' was written by
a) Nilamani Phookan
b) Nalini Bala Devi
c) Hem Barua
d) Ram Gogoi

11. Which one is the first Assamese novel to win the Sahitya Akademi Award ?
a) Antareep
b) Iyaruingam
c) Bon Phool
d) Mamare Dhara Tarowal Aru Dukhan Upanyasa

12. ‘Karengar Ligiri’ is a play written by
a) Phani Sarma
b) Jyotiprasad Agarwala
c) Parbati Prasad Barooah
d) Bishnu Prasad Rabha

13. The state anthem 'O Mur Apunar Desh' was first published in the following magazine
a) Bahi

b) Orunodoi
c) Jonaki
d) Surabhi

14. First Assamese translator of the Ramayana was

a) Ram Saraswati
b) Madhava Kandali
c) Madhavdeva
d) Ananta kandali

15. The first editor of the Assamese magazine Jonaki was
a) Chandrakumar Agarwala
b) Lakshminath Bezbaruah
c) Anandachandra Agarwala
d) Anandaram Dhekial Phukan

16. Which of the following book is the smallest among all books written by Sankardeva?
a) Kirton
b) Gunomala
c) Kaliyo Domon
d) Dosom

17. What was the original name of 'Asom Sahitya Sabha' before its official registration in 1924?
a) Assam Literature Society
b) Assamese Literature Society
c) Assam Sahitya Sanmilani
D) Asom Sahitya Sabha

18. The writer of the 'Sahitya Academy Award' winning book- "Deu-langkhui" is
a) Nirupama Borgohain
b) Rita Choudhury
c) Purabi Bormudoi
d) Nirmal Prabha Bordoloi

19. The first national level book fair in Assam was held in the year 1984 in which of the following place?
a) Jorhat
b) Tezpur
c) Guwahati
d) Dibrugarh

20.  Which of the following was the first Assamese mini magazine?
a) Baahi
b) Junaki
c) Bindu
d) Uruli

21. Lakshminath Bezbarua is honored with Rasaraj by Assam Sahitya Sabha in the Year
a) 1917
b) 1922
c) 1928
d) 1931

22. Who among the following is called “Father of Assamese prose” ?
a) Sankardeva
b) Bhattadeva or Baikunthanatha Bhagavata Bhattacharya
c) Lakshminath Bezbarua
d) Nathan Brown

23. Who complied the first Assamese dictionary?

a) Dr. Miles Bronson
b) Lakshminath Bezbaruah
c) Ananda Chandra Agarwala
d) Nathan Brown

24. Who wrote first Assamese grammar?

a) Lakshminath Bezbaruah
b) Miles Bronson
c) Nathan Brown
d) Gunbhiram Baruah

25. Who is considered as the first Assamese sonnet?
a) Priyotomar Sithi

b) Bonkuwori
c) Gyanmalini
d) Sokulo

26. Who is Dhwani Kavi in Assamese literature?
a) Prasannalal Choudhury
b) Binanda Chandra Barua
c) Nalini Bala Devi
d) Jatindranath Dowara

27. What is considered as the first example of Assamese literature?
a) Deh-Bicaror Geet
b) Charyapada
c) Borgeet
d) Prahlad Charita

28. Gunamala is an abridged version of

a) Bhagavata
b) Purana
c) Namghosha
d) Veda

29. First Ankia Naat written by Sankardeva was
a) Rukmini-harana
b) Patni-prasada
c) Parijata-harana
d) Cihna Yatra

30. The number of borgeets written by Madhavdeva was

a) 240
b) 191
c) 221
d) 200

31. The first conference of Assam Sahitya Sabha was held at
a) Kamrup
b) Sivasagar
c) Barpeta
d) Dibrugarh

32. Who was the first President of Assam Sahitya Sabha
a) Padmanath Gohain Baruah

b) Lakshminath Bezbaroa
c) Rajanikanta Bordoloi
d) Hemchandra Goswami 

Sunday, October 27, 2019

First in Assam : Language and Literature

A compilation regarding First in Assam or first Assamese in the field of Assamese Language and Literature

1. First Assamese romantic poem: Bon Kunwori by Chandra Kumar Agarwala
2. First Assamese sonnet: Priyotomar Sithi by Hemchandra Goswami
3. First Assamese language magazine: Orunodoi or Aroonudai (1846)
4. First editor of Arunudoi: Dr. Nathan Brown
5. First Assamese language social play: Ram Navami by Gunabhiram Barua (1857)
6. First Assamese to win Sahitya Akademi award: Jatindranath Dowara for his book Bon Phul (poetry), 1955
7. First Assamese Newspaper: Dainik Batori (1935)
8. First Assamese novel/ historical: Bhanumoti by Padmanath Gohain Baruah (1890)
9. First president of Assam Sahitya Sabha: Padmanath Gohain Baruah
10. First literary pensioner of Assam: Padmanath Gohain Baruah
11. First Assamese Short story collection: Surabhi by Lakshminath Bezbaruah.
12. First Assamese to received Jnanpith Award: Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya
13. First Assamese translator of the Ramayana: Madhab Kandali
14. First printed book in Assamese language: Dharma Pustak by Aatmaram Sarma (1813)
15. First Assamese prose composition: Katha-Gita by Bhattadeva
16. First modern biography in Assamese: "Anandaram Dhekial Phukanor Jiwon Sorit" by Gunabhiram Baruah (1880)
17. First Assamese play to be broadcast over All India Radio: Been Bairagi by Prafulla Chandra Baruah (1935)
18. First Assamese travelogue: Switzerland Bhraman by Birinchi Kumar Baruah (1948)
19. First thesis written on the Assamese language: Assamese: It's formation and development by Dr. Banikanta Kakoti (1940)
20. First Assamese Novel/ modern: Mirijiyori by Rajanikanta Bordoloi (1894)

Saturday, October 26, 2019

Assam History MCQ on Ahom Kingdom: 40+ Important Questions

Ahom Dynasty ruled for almost 600 years in Assam and hence covers a large part of Assam History. In this article, we will cover 40+ MCQs on Assam History during Ahoms.

These questions are going to be very useful for various competitive examinations e.g., APSC, Assam Police, TET, DHS, PNRD etc. 

1. Who among the following was known as an economist and social reformer during the Ahom rule?
a) Lachit Borphukan
b) Badan Borphukan
c) Purnananda Buragohain
d) Momai Tamuli Borbaruah

2. In 1794 the capital of Ahom Kingdom was shifted from Rangpur to-

a) Jorhat
b) Charaideo
c) Gargaon
d) Sonari

3. Which of the following Ahom king signed the Treaty of Majuli with Koch king Naranarayan?

a) Pramatta Singha
b) Rudra Singha
c) Sukaphaa
d) Sukhamphaa

4. In which year did the Koch King Naranarayan invade the Ahom kingdom?
a) 1562

b) 1665
c) 1711
d) 1555

5. The rule of Ahom kingdom ended with the invasion of

a) Portuguese
b) Burmese
c) British
d) Mughals

6. The Yandaboo Treaty was signed in 1826 between
a) East India Company and the Ahom King
b) East India Company and the Burmese
c) British Crown and the Ahom King
d) British Crown and the Burmese

7. The last independent Ahom King was

a) Chandrakanta Singha
b) Kamaleswar Singha
c) Jogeswar Singha
d) Purandar Singha

8. Sadiya Khowa Gohain was a
a) Jamindar
b) King
c) frontier officer
d) naval commander

9. The king nicknamed as Bhagaraja was
a) Sutiyampha
b) Sutamla
c) Surampha
d) Sunytpha

10. Rang Ghar was constructed during the reign of
a) Rudra Singha

b) Rajeswar Singha
c) Pramatta Singha
d) Siva Singha

11. The first Ahom Monarch to assume the Hindu title Swarganarayan’ was

a) Siva Singha
b) Pratap Singha
c) Jaydhwaj Singha
d) Suhungmung

12.  Ahom-Mughal conflict ended with which battle?
a) Battle of Saraighat
b) Battle of Itakhuli
c) Battle of Bharali
b) None of these

13. What was the last capital of Ahom kingdom?

a) Rangpur
b) Gargaon
c) Jorhat

d) Charaideu

14. What was Moamoria rebellion?

a) Conflict between Ahoms and Chutiyas
b) Conflict between Kachari and Chutiyas
c) Conflict between Ahoms and Mughals
d) Conflict between Ahoms and Morans

15. Which Ahom King planned to invade Bengal?
a) Rudra Singha

b) Siva Singha
c) Sukapha
d) None of these

16. What is Treaty of Asurar Ali?
a) Peace treaty between Burmese and Ahoms
b) Boundary treaty between Ahoms and Chutiyas
c) Peace treaty between Ahoms and Mughals
d) None of these.

17) Who created the post of 'Borphukan' and 'Borbarua' in Ahom Kingdom? 

a) Pratap Singha  
b) Rudra Singha
c) Siva Singha
d) Sukapha

18) Which Ahom king was known as 'Dihingia Roja' ?

a) Sukapha
b) Suhungmung
c) Suseupa
d) Sudangpha

19) Which of the following Ahom King dug the Joysagar Tank in memory of his mother Joymoti?
a) Sivasingha
b) Pratap Singha
c) Gadapani
d) Rudra Singha

20) Who was the first Borphukan of Ahom kingdom?
a) Badan Chandra Borphukan
b) Lachit Borphukan
c) Langi Panisiya Borphukan
d) Jeuti Borphukan

21) The rule of Ahom kingdom ended with the invasion of
a) Burmese

b) Bengal
c) British
d) Portuguese

22) Ahoms ruled Assam for how many years?
a) 200
b) 600
c) 100
d) 350

23) Who was the last ruler of Ahom kingdom?
a) Jaydwaja Singha
b) Sudingpha
c) Purandar Singha
d) Jogeswar Singha

24) Paik System was first introduced by

a) Lachit Borphukan
b) Momai Tamuli Barbarua
c) Sukaphaa
d) Purandar Singha

25) Sadiya Khowa Gohain was a
a) Jamindar
b) King
C) Frontier Officer
d) Naval Commander

26) Rang Ghar was constructed during the reign of
a) Rudra Singha
b) Rajeswar Singha
c) Pramatta Singha
d) Siv Singha

27) The Ahom Monarch to assume the Hindu title Swarganarayan was
a) Siva Singha
b) Pratap Singha
c) Jayadhwaj Singha
d) Suhungmung

28) The Dhodar Ali was constructed during the reign of
a) Rudra Singha
b) Gadadhar Singha

c) Pramatta Singha
d) Siva Singha

29. The first phase of Moamoria Rebellion was started in
a) 1749
b) 1759
c) 1769
d) 1779

30. During which Ahom King reign, the Saraighat battle was ended with decisive win over Mughal
a) Chakradhwaj Singha
b) Udayaditya Singha
c) Jayadhwaj Singha
d) Pratap Singha

31. Which Swargadeo shifted the capital of the Ahom Kingdom from Garhgaon to Rangpur
a) Gadadhar Singha
b) Sukhrangpha
c) Siva Singha
d) Rudra Singha

32. Which Ahom queen built the Sivadol in Sivasagar

a) Mula Gabharu
b) Ambika Kunwori
c) Phuleswari
d) Kuranganayani

33. The Namdang Stone Bridge was constructed during the reign of Ahom king
a) Lakshmi Singha
b) Siva Singha
c) Gadadhar Singha
d) Rudra Singha

34. Name the Mughal General who took possession of the Ahom Capital Garhgaon in 1662
a)  Murshid Quli Khan
b) Mir Jumla
c) Islam Khan
d) Shaista Khan

35. The Itakhulir Rann was fought against Mughal during the reign of
a) Siba Singha
b) Gadadhar Singha
c) Rudra Singha 
d) Pramatta Singha

36. Kamata Princess Rajani was offered to which Ahom King as a peace treat?
a) Sudangpha
b) Sukhangpha
c) Tao-Kham-Thi
d) Suhummong

37. Who married Kuranganayani ?
a) Rajeswar Singha
b) Jayadhwaj Singha
c) Siva Singha
d) Pratap Singha

38. What was the shape of coins in Ahom Kingdom?
a) Octagonal
b) Circular
c) Hexagonal
d) Square

39. The Treaty of Ghilajharighat, Tipam, was signed by Ahoms with Mughal Commander
a) Mir Jumla

b) Abu Bakar
c) Ram Singha
d) Abu Siddiqui

40. Borphukans were from the following community
a) Kacharis
b) Chutias
c) Ahom
d) Mech

Friday, October 25, 2019

Synonym List: Complete List of Synonyms for Competitive Examination

Synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language, for example shut is a synonym of close. 

Here is a list of synonyms, commonly asked in various competitive examinations:
Answer — reply, respond, retort, acknowledge
Ask — question, inquire of, seek information from, put a question to, demand, request, expect, inquire, query, interrogate, examine, quiz
All — complete, entire, full, gross, outright, perfect, total, utter, whole, any, complete, every, sum, totality, each and every, every bit of, bar none, every single, everything, everyone
Anger — enrage, infuriate, arouse, nettle, exasperate, inflame, madden
Angry — mad, furious, enraged, excited, wrathful, indignant, exasperated, aroused, inflamed
Awful — dreadful, terrible, abominable, bad, poor, unpleasant
Amazing — incredible, unbelievable, improbable, fabulous, wonderful, fantastic, astonishing, astounding, extraordinary

Baffle — confuse, deceive
Break — fracture, rupture, shatter, smash, wreck, crash, demolish, atomize
Begin — start, open, launch, initiate, commence, inaugurate, originate
Big — large, enormous, huge, immense, gigantic, vast, colossal, gargantuan, sizable, grand, great, tall, substantial, mammoth, astronomical, ample, broad, expansive, spacious, stout, tremendous, titanic, mountainous
Bad — evil, immoral, wicked, corrupt, sinful, depraved, rotten, contaminated, spoiled, tainted, harmful, injurious, unfavorable, defective, inferior, imperfect, substandard, faulty, improper, inappropriate, unsuitable, disagreeable, unpleasant, cross, nasty, unfriendly, irascible, horrible, atrocious, outrageous, scandalous, infamous, wrong, noxious, sinister, putrid, snide, deplorable, dismal, gross, heinous, nefarious, base, obnoxious, detestable, despicable, contemptible, foul, rank, ghastly, execrable
Beautiful — pretty, lovely, handsome, attractive, gorgeous, dazzling, splendid, magnificent, comely, fair, ravishing, graceful, elegant, fine, exquisite, aesthetic, pleasing, shapely, delicate, stunning, glorious, heavenly, resplendent, radiant, glowing, blooming, sparkling
Brave — courageous, fearless, dauntless, intrepid, plucky, daring, heroic, valorous, audacious, bold, gallant, valiant, doughty, mettlesome
Bright — shining, shiny, gleaming, brilliant, sparkling, shimmering, radiant, vivid, colorful, lustrous, luminous, incandescent, intelligent, knowing, quick-witted, smart, intellectual
Bossy — controlling, tyrannical

Calm — quiet, peaceful, still, tranquil, mild, serene, smooth, composed, collected, unruffled, level-headed, unexcited, detached, aloof
Cut — gash, slash, prick, nick, sever, slice, carve, cleave, slit, chop, crop, lop, reduce
Come — advance, approach, arrive, near, reach
Cool — chilly, cold, frosty, wintry, icy, frigid
Cry — shout, yell, yowl, scream, roar, bellow, weep, wail, sob, bawl
Crooked — bent, twisted, curved, hooked, zigzag

— perilous, hazardous, risky, uncertain, unsafe
Dark — shadowy, unlit, murky, gloomy, dim, dusky, shaded, sunless, black, dismal, sad
Dull — boring, tiring,, tiresome, uninteresting, slow, dumb, stupid, unimaginative, lifeless, dead, insensible, tedious, wearisome, listless, expressionless, plain, monotonous, humdrum, dreary
Do — execute, enact, carry out, finish, conclude, effect, accomplish, achieve, attain
Have — hold, possess, own, contain, acquire, gain, maintain, believe, bear, beget, occupy, absorb, fill, enjoy
Destroy — ruin, demolish, raze, waste, kill, slay, end, extinguish
Decide — determine, settle, choose, resolve
Difference — disagreement, inequity, contrast, dissimilarity, incompatibility
Definite — certain, sure, positive, determined, clear, distinct, obvious
Delicious — savory, delectable, appetizing, luscious, scrumptious, palatable, delightful, enjoyable, toothsome, exquisite
Describe — portray, characterize, picture, narrate, relate, recount, represent, report, record

Explain — elaborate, clarify, define, interpret, justify, account for
End — stop, finish, terminate, conclude, close, halt, cessation, discontinuance, cease, halt, stay, pause, discontinue, conclude, finish, quit
Enjoy — appreciate, delight in, be pleased, indulge in, luxuriate in, bask in, relish, devour, savor, like
Eager — keen, fervent, enthusiastic, involved, interested, alive to

— fright, dread, terror, alarm, dismay, anxiety, scare, awe, horror, panic, apprehension
Famous — well-known, renowned, celebrated, famed, eminent, illustrious, distinguished, noted, notorious
Funny — humorous, amusing, droll, comic, comical, laughable, silly
Fair — just, impartial, unbiased, objective, unprejudiced, honest
Fast — quick, rapid, speedy, fleet, hasty, snappy, mercurial, swiftly, rapidly, quickly, snappily, speedily, lickety-split, posthaste, hastily, expeditiously, like a flash
Fall — drop, descend, plunge, topple, tumble
False — wrong, fake, fraudulent, counterfeit, spurious, untrue, unfounded, erroneous, deceptive, groundless, fallacious, incorrect, inaccurate, mistaken, erroneous, improper, unsuitable
Fly — soar, hover, flit, wing, flee, waft, glide, coast, skim, sail, cruise
Fat — stout, corpulent, fleshy, beefy, paunchy, plump, full, rotund, tubby, pudgy, chubby, chunky, burly, bulky, elephantine

Gross — improper, rude, coarse, indecent, crude, vulgar, outrageous, extreme, grievous, shameful, uncouth, obscene, low
Get — acquire, obtain, secure, procure, gain, fetch, find, score, accumulate, win, earn, rep, catch, net, bag, derive, collect, gather, glean, pick up, accept, come by, regain, salvage
Go — depart, disappear, fade, move, proceed, recede, travel
Good — excellent, fine, superior, wonderful, marvelous, qualified, suited, suitable, apt, proper, capable, generous, kindly, friendly, gracious, obliging, pleasant, agreeable, pleasurable, satisfactory, well-behaved, obedient, honorable, reliable, trustworthy, safe, favorable, profitable, advantageous, righteous, expedient, helpful, valid, genuine, ample, salubrious, estimable, beneficial, splendid, great, noble, worthy, first-rate, top-notch, grand, sterling, superb, respectable, edifying
Great — noteworthy, worthy, distinguished, remarkable, grand, considerable, powerful, much, mighty

Hurt — damage, harm, injure, wound, distress, afflict, pain
Hurry — rush, run, speed, race, hasten, urge, accelerate, bustle
Hide — conceal, cover, mask, cloak, camouflage, screen, shroud, veil
Help — aid, assist, support, encourage, back, wait on, attend, serve, relieve, succor, benefit, befriend, abet
Hot — feverish, warm, heated, sweltering, torrid, equatorial, tropical, erotic, passionate, spicy, peppery, pungent, sharp tangy, tart, fiery, flaming, sizzling, charged, burning, seared, chafed´, inflamed, irritated, red, smarting, stinging
Happy — pleased, contented, satisfied, delighted, elated, joyful, cheerful, ecstatic, jubilant, gay, tickled, gratified, glad, blissful, overjoyed
Hate — despise, loathe, detest, abhor, disfavor, dislike, disapprove, abominate

Idea — thought, concept, conception, notion, understanding, opinion, plan, view, belief
Important — necessary, vital, critical, indispensable, valuable, essential, significant, primary, principal, considerable, famous, distinguished, notable, well-known
Interesting — fascinating, engaging, sharp, keen, bright, intelligent, animated, spirited, attractive, inviting, intriguing, provocative, thought-provoking, challenging, inspiring, involving, moving, titillating, tantalizing, exciting, entertaining, piquant, lively, racy, spicy, engrossing, absorbing, consuming, gripping, arresting, enthralling, spellbinding, curious, captivating, enchanting, bewitching, appealing

Kind — thoughtful, considerate, amiable, gracious
Keep — hold, retain, withhold, preserve, maintain, sustain, support
Kill — slay, execute, assassinate, murder, destroy, cancel, abolish

— gaze, see, glance, watch, survey, study, seek, search for, peek, peep, glimpse, stare, contemplate, examine, gape, ogle, scrutinize, inspect, leer, behold, observe, view, witness, perceive, spy, sight, discover, notice, recognize, peer, eye, gawk, peruse, explore
Little — small, tiny, diminutive, shrimp, runt, miniature, puny, exiguous, dinky, cramped, limited, itsy-bitsy, microscopic, slight, petite, minute
Lazy — indolent, slothful, idle, inactive, sluggish
Love — like, admire, esteem, fancy, care for, cherish, adore, treasure, worship, appreciate, savor

Make — create, originate, invent, beget, form, construct, design, fabricate, manufacture, produce, build, develop, do, effect, execute, compose, perform, accomplish, earn, gain, obtain, acquire, get
Mark — label, tag, price, ticket, impress, effect, trace, imprint, stamp, brand, sign, note, heed, notice, designate
Move — plod, go, creep, crawl, inch, poke, drag, toddle, shuffle, trot, dawdle, walk, traipse, mosey, jog, plug, trudge, slump, lumber, trail, lag, run, sprint, trip, bound, hotfoot, high-tail, streak, stride, tear, breeze, whisk, rush, dash, dart, bolt, fling, scamper, scurry, skedaddle, scoot, scuttle, scramble, race, chase, hasten, hurry, hump, gallop, lope, accelerate, stir, budge, travel, wander, roam, journey, trek, ride, spin, slip, glide, slide, slither, coast, flow, sail, saunter, hobble, amble, stagger, paddle, slouch, prance, straggle, meander, perambulate, waddle, wobble, pace, swagger, promenade, lunge
Mean (Something) — add up to, affect, be important, be of value, be substantive, carry weight, connote, count, denote, express, imply, intend, involve, signify, spell, stand for, suggest, value, weigh in
Mischievous — prankish, playful, naughty, roguish, waggish, impish, sportive
Moody — temperamental, changeable, short-tempered, glum, morose, sullen, mopish, irritable, testy, peevish, fretful, spiteful, sulky, touchy

Neat — clean, orderly, tidy, trim, dapper, natty, smart, elegant, well-organized, super, desirable, spruce, shipshape, well-kept, shapely
New — fresh, unique, original, unusual, novel, modern, current, recent
Noisy — loudly, earsplitting, stentorian, strident, clamorous, boisterous, clangorous, deafening, roisterous, uproarious, pandemoniac
None — nothing, nobody, no one, zero, zilch, no one at all, no part, not a bit, not a soul, not a thing, not any, not anyone, not anything, not one, nonexistent, null, nadir, nil, naught, void, nada, blank, nix
Normal — daily, traditional, familiar, routine, proper, ordinary, typical, everyday, usual, commonplace, natural, classic, standard, general, bona fide, established, habitual, orthodox, prevalent, run-of-the-mill, time-honored, unvarying, average, conventional, customary, common, regular, garden-variety, household, plain, simple, balanced

Old — feeble, frail, ancient, weak, aged, used, worn, dilapidated, ragged, faded, broken-down, former, old-fashioned, outmoded, passe, veteran, mature, venerable, primitive, traditional, archaic, conventional, customary, stale, musty, obsolete, extinct
Outgoing — friendly, sociable, warm, extroverted

Pacify —  appease, placate
Positive — optimistic, cheerful, starry-eyed, sanguine
Put — place, set, attach, establish, assign, keep, save, set aside, effect, achieve, do, build
Plan — plot, scheme, design, draw, map, diagram, procedure, arrangement, intention, device, contrivance, method, way, blueprint
Part — portion, share, piece, allotment, section, fraction, fragment
Place — space, area, spot, plot, region, location, situation, position, residence, dwelling, set, site, station, status, state
Predicament — quandary, dilemma, pickle, problem, plight, spot, scrape, jam
Popular — well-liked, approved, accepted, favorite, celebrated, common, current

Quiet — silent, still, soundless, mute, tranquil, peaceful, calm, restful, hushed, inaudible, reticent, reserved, taciturn, secretive, uncommunicative, tightlipped

Rich — affluent, wealthy, well-off, well-to-do
Run — dash, escape, elope, flee, hasten, hurry, race, rush, speed, sprint

Sad — miserable, uncomfortable, wretched, heart-broken, unfortunate, poor, downhearted, sorrowful, depressed, dejected, melancholy, glum, gloomy, dismal, discouraged, unhappy
Scared — afraid, frightened, alarmed, terrified, panicked, fearful, unnerved, insecure, timid, shy, skittish, jumpy, disquieted, worried, vexed, troubled, disturbed, horrified, terrorized, shocked, petrified, haunted, timorous, shrinking, tremulous, stupefied, paralyzed, stunned, apprehensive
Strange — abnormal, aberrant, anomalous, bent, bizarre, deviant, queer, eccentric, freakish, fanatical, odd, eerie, peculiar, weird, unorthodox, nonstandard, atypical, different, irregular, nonconforming, offbeat, unusual, extraordinary, insane, irrational, disorderly, rare, exceptional, extreme, outlandish
Show — display, exhibit, present, note, point to, indicate, explain, reveal, prove, demonstrate, expose
Slow — unhurried, gradual, leisurely, late, behind, tedious, slack
Somewhat — a little, sort of, kind of, a bit, relatively, slightly, moderately, to some extent / degree , reasonably, partially, more or less, not much, rather, quite, fairly, by a long shot, by far, rather, significantly, well
Somehow — in a way, virtually, to a certain extent, in some measure, to some extent, to a certain degree, quasi , in a manner of speaking, effectively, anyhow, anyway, anywise, by hook or by crook, another, howsoever, in any way, somehow or other, someway, by some means
Story — tale, myth, legend, fable, yarn, account, narrative, chronicle, epic, sage, anecdote, record, memoir
Say/Tell — inform, notify, advise, relate, recount, narrate, explain, reveal, disclose, divulge, declare, command, order, bid, enlighten, instruct, insist, teach, train, direct, issue, remark, converse, speak, affirm, suppose, utter, negate, express, verbalize, voice, articulate, pronounce, deliver, convey, impart, assert, state, allege, mutter, mumble, whisper, sigh, exclaim, yell, sing, yelp, snarl, hiss, grunt, snort, roar, bellow, thunder, boom, scream, shriek, screech, squawk, whine, philosophize, stammer, stutter, lisp, drawl, jabber, protest, announce, swear, vow, content, assure, deny, dispute

Take — hold, catch, seize, grasp, win, capture, acquire, pick, choose, select, prefer, remove, steal, lift, rob, engage, bewitch, purchase, buy, retract, recall, assume, occupy, consume
True — right, accurate, proper, precise, exact, valid, genuine, real, actual, trusty, steady, loyal, dependable, sincere, staunch, correct, accurate, factual, true, good, just, honest, upright, lawful, moral, proper, suitable, apt, legal, fair
Tell — disclose, reveal, show, expose, uncover, relate, narrate, inform, advise, explain, divulge, declare, command, order, bid, recount, repeat
Think — judge, deem, assume, believe, consider, contemplate, reflect, mediate
Trouble — distress, anguish, anxiety, worry, wretchedness, pain, danger, peril, disaster, grief, misfortune, difficulty, concern, pains, inconvenience, exertion, effort

Use — employ, utilize, exhaust, spend, expend, consume, exercise
Ugly — hideous, frightful, frightening, shocking, horrible, unpleasant, monstrous, terrifying, gross, grisly, ghastly, horrid, unsightly, plain, homely, evil, repulsive, repugnant, gruesome

Valid — authorized, legitimate

Weak — frail, infirm, puny, fragile

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Assam Arts and Culture MCQ Set 1: For APSC, PNRD, TET, DHS, Assam Police, etc

Here is a set of Assam Arts and Culture MCQ (multiple choice question). There are four options for each question, bold one is the correct option. This post is going to be very useful for various competitive examinations e.g., APSC, Assam Police, TET, DHS, PNRD etc.  

1. The first Mobile Theatre in Assam is
a) Kohinoor Theatre
b) Abahan Theatre
c) Suradevi Theatre
d) Nataraj Theatre

2. Baisagu festival is celebrated by which tribe

a) Bodo
b) Karbi
c) Rabha
d) Garo

3. Who was the first Assamese translator of the Ramayana ?

a) Madhavdeva
b) Ananta kandali
c) Madhab Kandali
d) Ram Saraswati

4. First modern play in Assamese :
a) Kharu
b) Ram Navami
c) Sonmoina
d) Lukabhaku

5. First Assamese color Film was

a) Duranir Rang
b) Pyoli Phukan
c) Bhaiti
d) Agnishanan

6. Haidang are the traditional folk songs of which tribe?
a) Rabha
b) Bodo
c) Tiwa
d) Sonowal Kachari

7. First Assamese to win National Award for Best Actress :
a) Sima Bishwas
b) Malaya Goswami
c) Purnima Pathk Saikia
d) Eva Ashaw

8. First Assamese play to be broadcast over all India Radio in 1935 was

a) Lahori
b) Bin Bairagi
c) Bon Kunwari
d) Jeebanar batat

9. Ali-Ai-Ligang is the festival of following tribe of Assam:
a) Mising

b) Rabha
c) Tiwa
d) Bodo

10. The language Srimanta Sankardeva used for all his borgeets is

a) Sanskrit
b) Brajavali
c) Assamese
d) Maithili

11. Hasti Vidyarnava, an ancient Assamese treatise on elephants or elephantology was written by
a) Srimanta Sankardeva
b) Sukumar Barkath
c) Ram Saraswati
d) Banabhatta

12. Which Ahom king introduced Singarigharutha, the coronation ceremony of Ahom Kings?
a) Sukapha
b) Sudangpha/ Bamuni Raja
c) Rudra Singha
d) Lachit Borphukan

13. How many Borgeets were written by Srimanta Sankardeva ?
a) 100
b) 200
c) 240
d) 190

14. Who built the Umananda temple?
a) Gadadhar Singha
b) Susenghphaa
c) Chandrakanta Singha
d) Gobar Roja

15. Who founded the Barpeta Satra?

a) Damodardeva
b) Sankardeva
c) Madhavdeva
d) Rudra Singha

16. What was the first Assamese Children’s Magazine?
a) Mouchaq
b) Sofura
c) Lora Bondhu
d) Tarzan

17. The terra-cotta industry in Assam has developed in
a) Goalpara District
b) Barak Valley
c) Dhubri District
d) Tinsukia District

18. Bagarumba is a folk dance performed by
a) Garos
b) Bodos
c) Mishings
d) Rabhas

19. Maidams are
a) elaborate burial tanks of Ahom nobility and kings
b) large fields
c) temples
d) enclosure for sporting activities

20. “Bukuni-Patani” is a traditional costume of which tribe
a) Ahom
b) Sonowal–Kachari
c) Koch Rajbongshi
d) Karbi

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